design - Land Rover section

 

 

Land Rover factory wheels and lug nuts that can be used on Series Land rovers

This list is likely incomplete

 

Basic information about Land Rover wheels:

  • The bolt pattern for Series, Defender, Discovery I, and Range Rover Classic wheels is 5 - 6.5 inches (5 holes evenly spaced around a 6.5 inch diameter circle that goes through the centre of each bolt hole). The centre hole is not exactly centre so you will never achieve and accurate wheel balance using a hub mount balance machine. Land Rover steel wheels should always be lug balanced.

  • Some wheels had the center riveted to the rim. These wheels require that a inner tube be used. Wheels with the center welded to the rim are tubeless.

  • Land Rover alloy wheels and lug nuts will not fit a Series truck.

  •  All North American specification Land Rovers were equipped with 16 inch wheels through 1966 when the 109 was no longer sold into the US. From 1967 until 1974, when Land Rover discontinued sales in the US, the North American specification 88 Land Rover was fitted with 15 inch wheels. This was because there was a larger selection of 15 inch tyres to choose from.

  • If buying used wheels, carefully inspect the rim bead area, inflater valve hole, and the stud holes carefully. The wheel is scrap if the holes or bead area is damaged in any way. Carefully inspect the rivet area on early riveted wheels for damage and look for cracks in the wheel.

  • When you look at part numbers in a catalogue or on-line you will often see a one or two letter suffix.  This suffix is the paint code. PM means the wheel is in primer.

  • The wheel offset affects the vehicle's track width, the turning radius (amount of turn before the leaf spring interferes with the tire), and how easy the steering feels. The greater the offset, the easier the steering feels. Wheel offset is the measurement between the centre of the wheel (at the lug holes) to the outer rim.

  • Tyres are designed to fit a specific range of wheel bead to bead widths. When choosing a tyre you must choose a tyre specified to fit your wheel's bead width in order for the tyre to function safely. Most tyre companies will not mount a tyre to a wheel that does not have a bead to bead width within the tyre manufacturer's specified bead width range.

  • A "standard" diameter tyre mounted to 16 inch wheels is considered to be 32 inches (750-16, or 235/85-16). 15 inch diameter wheels usually came with tyre sizes ranging from between 26 inches (195/75-15) and 28 inches (255-15) diameter. The stock tyre size for the 109 One-Ton is 9.00-16 which is 35" diameter. Note the One-Ton has extended shackles plus the extended frame shackle mounts for additional tyre clearance.

  • Lug nut torque : 75-85 ft lbs for all civilian wheels. 100 ft lbs for wolf wheels only.  When a shop mounts wheels, have them write down the torque spec on the work order. Mechanics often look up and use Toyota Land Cruiser torque specs which are way too high. 

  • In the no other place to put this non-Series tidbit: Aluminum wheels will not fit pre-1991 Ninety, One Ten, or One twenty seven without a spacer ring. . 

  • . Wheel offset determines how far a wheel "sticks out" relative to your vehicle's fender well. A wheel’s offset can be positive, zero, or negative: Positive Offset Wheels mean the tire sits more inboard on the vehicle. A positive offset that places the center of the tire over the center of the wheel bearings maximizes the hub strength.  A negative offset wheel moves the tire outwards making the track wider and weakens the hub strength.

    Wheel offset and wheel backspacing are two different ways to measure the same thing. Wheel backspacing is the distance between the centerline of the wheel and the inner wheel mouting surface. Measure the width of the rim, divide by 2 to get the centerline distance. Measure the distance between the inner mounting surface and the inside edge (brake side) of the rim. The difference is the wheel offset. Wheel backspacing is the distance measured between the inner wheel (brake side) mounting surface and the inner rim edge.

 

 

Wheel sizes

Wheel Part
Number
Diameter Bead to Bead
Width
Factory Fitment Wheel
Offset
231601 16" 5" 1948 - 1967 (Riveted tube type) 1"
STC3403 16" 5" (riveted tube type) * ?
272309 16" 5.5" SII, SIIA 109, 1956 - 1967 1-3/4"
569690 16" 5.5" ? * (riveted tube type) Superseded by NRC7578 1-5/16"
NRC7578
ANR4636
16" 5.5" Optional wheel for
88, 109, 90,110 (NRC7578 are riveted, ANR4636 are welded)
2"
526753 15" 6" SIIA, SIII 88, 1967 - 1974 1"
562955 16" 5"?? optional for SIII 88, with studs for wheel trim, not sold in North America ?
ANR1534 16" 6.5" 130, US spec 110 Sized for metric studs 2-1/4"
AYG8038 16" 5.5" AUSTRALIAN SIII wheels, Holes drilled to accommodate metric studs 1-3/4"
AYG8108 16" 6" AUSTRALIAN PERENTIE WHEELS ?
NTC5193 16" 7" Discovery I, optional D90,
Early US spec Disco I spare wheel
1-1/3"
ANR5593
ANR4583
16" 6.5" Wolf spec military Defender, ANR5593 requires a tube, ANR4583 is tubeless 2-3/4"
  CAUTION - The Wolf spec wheels have thicker centres than other Land Rover wheels. Pre-metric wheel studs are too short and narrow to properly secure these wheels. If you intend to use these wheels on pre-1971 Land Rovers you should replace the stock hubs with newer hubs that have the longer, thicker metric wheel studs for safety.
Special use wheels:      
568966
Stamped
FV607510
16" 5.5" Military wheels.  "FV" means Fighting Vehicle 1-5/16"
569204 16"   SIII 109 one ton superseded by ANR1534  
ANR1534 16" 6.5" 130 Defender  
543384 16" 6.5" SIIA forward control (riveted tube type)  
569203 16" 6.5" SIIB, SIII forward control (riveted tube type)  
217267
NRC7578
ANR4536
16" 5" Split rim wheels for some military vehicles and civilian option.
(riveted type except for ANR4536 which is welded type) *
 
NRC130 16" 6.5" 101 Forward control, 6 bolt pattern, metric studs & lug nut  

A quick note for rivet counters: The one ton Series, one ton Defender, forward control IIA, forward control IIB, and 130 Defender all have different wheels that have a "deep dish" rim look to them. LR parts companies are mostly selling the newer more common 130 wheels for all these applications and not the concourse correct wheels.

* This information comes from the Ottawa Valley Land Rover club October 2017 Newsletter, courtesy of Ben Smith.

 

Wheel Lug Nuts

Lug Nut
Part Number
Lug wrench
socket size
Factory Fitment Stud Thread
217361
(double ended)
15/16" SI, SII, SIIA 1948 - 1967 9/16" BSF
581154 15/16" SIIA 1967, 1968 9/16" BSF
576103 1-1/16" SIIA 1967 - mid 1971 9/16 BSF
90577473 1-1/16"
27 mm
mid 1971 and newer M16 X 1.5

 

 

Wheel studs

Vehicle model Wheel Stud type
Peen Pull-in Thread
Series I, all models 561590 561886 9/16" BSF
1-3/4"
45mm long
Series II, all models 561590 561886 9/16" BSF
1-3/4"
45mm long
Series IIA, up to Suffix G 561590 561886 9/16" BSF
1-3/4"
45mm long
Series IIA, from suffix H - 576825 16 X 1.5 mm
1-9/16"
40 mm long
Series III, all models - 576825 16 X 1.5 mm
40 mm long
Extended length stud
for use with Wolf wheels
- FRC7577 16 X 1.5 mm
60 mm long

 

 

 

 

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