design - Land Rover section

 

Converting from Positive Earth to Negative earth

 

I found converting a stock positive earth Land Rover electrical system to negative earth to be surprisingly easy. This conversion allowed me to connect a CB and radio to my electrical system.

Only three items on a stock positive earth Land Rover electrical system care what the polarity of the system is, the ammeter, coil and the generator.

 

Cables

First I disconnected my battery cables and checked them carefully for wear. I cleaned the terminals and the cable connectors. Next I turned the battery around so that the cables would reach the proper terminals. Besides checking the battery cables and cleaning their connections at both ends, I also checked the cable between the engine and frame. This cable provides a good ground for the starter motor and the spark plugs.

 

The steps I took to do the conversion:

  • Disconnected and removed battery. This was a good time to clean out and repaint the battery tray.
     
  • Switched the leads on the ammeter. The ammeter has two connecting clips. I Just moved the wires from one side to the other.
     
  • Switched the low voltage leads on the coil. I disconnected the leads, loosened the clamp on the coil holder, rotated the coil 180 degrees and reconnect the wires. That preserved the lead routing.
     
  • Disconnected the small wire on the generator. The connection post is labeled F or field.
     
  • Placed the battery back into the battery tray in the opposite direction as it was sitting. Reattached the hold down.
     
  • Connected the clean ground connector to the negative terminal of the battery
     
  • Took a length of insulated wire and connected one end to the battery's positive terminal. Touched the other end of the wire to the field (F) terminal of the generator a couple of times. This generally produces a spark. Removed the wire from the battery. That operation repolarized the generator.
     
  • Reconnected the wire I previously disconnected from the field (F) of the generator
     
  • Attached the battery cable leading to the starter solenoid to the positive terminal of the battery.

I was done

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